Wednesday, December 8, 2010


Is this a replica of the palace of Malacca meets the original architecture?

This time I will show you an article on the construction of the glory of Malacca. The bulk of this sketch has not been published by any party in our country because it can be said to be fresh from a primary source obtained from the Netherlands and Portugal. So you lucky to be looked at here. But this is only a small portion of the many sketches that successfully brought home by the researcher team of the University. Hopefully this article I thought we could open the box with a wider civilization of the Malay race in the past.

Sketches showing the city of Malacca at the time of Portuguese colonial rule. Sketches made to record the attack on the Fleet Aceh Darussalam during the siege to the city for about a year. In this sketch there appears a thrower of weapons used by the military Acheh.

Actually, when an Italian explorer named Ludovico Vertema visited Melaka between the years 1506 to 1510, the Portuguese often sent spies into the personal lives of Malacca to find information on the progress of trade, society and the state of Malacca. The important information carried by the Portuguese who came to Malacca in 1506 and 1508 was about the defense strategy of Malacca. Some of the sketches on the form and building cities, palaces and the position of the port city of Melaka successfully recorded. Among these sketches suggest a city wall and gates Melaka strong and built from local materials such as laterite stone. Construction materials is already widely available in Singapore. Both of Jorge Mello traveler who came in 1507, and Jorge De Aguilar came in 1508, has been sending information to a government historian of Joan De Barros Portugal.

From a sketch made, it proves the technology at the time of the Malays. Physical development and infrastructure, Singapore was a security feature robust and comparable to the cities in other Asian countries. In this case, the possibility of getting government Malacca Gujarati labor of people who are famous not only as traders but also as a craftsman builder of houses and buildings. It also reflects the existence of the spirit of close cooperation between the artisans Malay Muslims in Singapore and India in terms of urban and port development pentadbiranya according to Islamic law.

The information obtained from a sketch published in the Netherlands in 1508 also showed that the gateway to the city of Melaka is now actually not from the original Portuguese building materials. Based on a sketch found through research that was done, found the original construction of the Malacca Portuguese destroyed have been replaced and modified by the Portuguese architecture. The same architecture is seen in Goa, Macao and Ternate. This information is quite proud of the Malay Archipelago in particular and in general because of this sketch a proof of the civilization of Malacca at that time. Means that the sketch represents how the ability of the Malays exhibit the ability to race and pride of his country on par with other nations. In this case, the information recorded in the history of the Malay Hikayat Hang Tuah and able to record the achievement of Malay culture and civilization at the time.

Sketches of Portuguese also record the events that occurred between the wars with the Portuguese fleet of Malacca. From the sketch shown that the cannons from the ship to destroy the Portuguese strongholds of Malacca and the defense of the ships owned by a Muslim merchant. In the sketches were also seen dikejauhan buildings in the port city of Malacca and Singapore. It is clear from the sketch there is a banggunan a dome and minarets of the mosques of Malacca is likely or even castles.There are also many other buildings that line up the look of stone or concrete and more than two floors, this building was probably a palace of the sultan or a building in the complex populous port city of Melaka.

The above sketch shows the Portuguese fleet attack against the city of Malacca. Number of number of vessels in a sketch show not only the Portuguese soldiers involved in the attacks, but may also mercenaries.

If you all look exactly the sketch attack the Portuguese fleet, you will be able to see from a distance at the port of Malacca series of large buildings, multi-level and also vaulted and has a few towers. Could this be a palace or mosque Singapore real?

Melaka event of war have also recorded with sketches were made by the Portuguese.The sketch shows the strategy of the Portuguese attack on the city of Malacca and Singapore as well as how those strategies to defend their town ranks of warriors and the warriors show even a war elephant. In this context, a form of carriage device strapped to the elephants and the captain-commander issued to carry out attacks against the Portuguese troops who are ready to face the attacks of Malacca. These sketches also show how different attack strategies used by the Portuguese and the people of Malacca. The Portuguese seem to use tactics of attack, while the Malays are more defensive. Based on these sketches, we can see the weapons used by both sides.Portuguese term used lebing commonly used in Europe, while the Malays use a spear or spear is shorter. What is interesting is to look Melaka city wall has been built with local materials such as bricks and laterite. The wall design also shows the structure of the building which is equipped with reconnaissance places at certain angles. While the architecture in the city seems Malay houses are owned by the administrator and the merchant.

Sketch shows the military events of the Portuguese attack on the city of Malacca. This sketch is the first time we discovered by historians. So far most of the sketches that we find there is a picture painter. But the sketch is believed to be contemporaneous with the events of the actual sketches. Therefore we can assume that this is a picture of a sketch artist at a time when those who are.

There is another sketch secured by my professor and peprustakaan archives in Lisbon and the Netherlands. Visit of representatives of the Portuguese traders in 1509 Lopez De Sequeiraa to Melaka city traditionally celebrated the greatness of VIPs from outside the state have drawn. In this sketch he was honored to ride an elephant who became one of the Malay kingdom of Transportation official. In the march towards the palace of Malacca, the Portuguese delegation accompanied De Sequera. This sketch shows the architecture of the city walls and gates of the palace of the sultan of Malacca is made of building materials is strong. Based on these sketches, the wall of the building materials are of local white stone. While the Palace of the Sultan of Malacca is also made of the same materials. Therefore, the court found Melaka in Malacca is now not meet the original architecture of the palace is made almost entirely of bricks. The parade attracted a surprising number of people of Malacca to the Portuguese arrival.In the sketch tersenut also shows the guards and the warlords outside the gates of Malacca carry spears and bows are very large. They also wear more than par lutu and the other wrapped around the waist with a pattern. Do not change their clothes as clothes Roman times. Istana Melaka has sketched a balcony or berandah overlooking the port and the sultan was seen sitting on the Balcony while awaiting the arrival ofthe Portuguese envoy with the ministers and warlords. The castle was also stratified according to the word in Malay History.

Sketches showing the procession to the Istana Melaka Portuguese envoys witnessed by the people of Malacca.Interestingly the population melaka are surprised to see White Bengalis are also listed in Malay History. More attention is building the Palace of Sultan of Malacca.

But the all-reader, now has missed maybe a quarter of the questions about the greatness of the city of Melaka is often speculated in the records of foreign travelers and the. We can also look in more detail how to build it fast and Town of Malacca and the defense system of the sketches that I show. Hopefully it will benefit you to all members. Wallah hu knows best.



Salam, I came across an article that is interesting after following the link provided by Miss MO Kowloon from blog comments. I think this article makes it very attractive when posting here because it is a study that could open the minds of young Malays, especially in Malaysia which still do not know Who is the Malay race and the contribution of people who say this stagnant and lazy person. The following are articles taken from the Malay Porch Blog:

Indeed, the presence of nobility Bugis-Makassar Malay Archipelago is like the phenomenon of reverse flow of history. Long before they enter the heart of the power of the Malays, the Malays, who first role in local dynamics in the state of Bugis-Makassar.

Following the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese (1511), not a few relatives who went to court several points of the compass. Some groups traveled to the South. Kingdom of Gowa in the area they live in Salojo, coastal areas in the village Sanrobone Makassar.

Mukhlis PaEni search results, historian, social anthropologist from the University of Hasanuddin, shows that until 1615 the economic cycle, especially antarpulau trade through the port of Makassar, is controlled by Malays. New in 1621 the Bugis-Makassar took an important part in world trade and shipping in the archipelago.

"Since the arrival of the Malays in the Kingdom of Gowa, their role not only in trade and the spread of religion, but also in socio-cultural, even in the bureaucracy. In the Government's power structure Gowa, many Malays who plays an important role in the palace, "said Mukhlis, who also is Chief Historian Indonesia Society (MSI).

At the time of King Gowa X (1546-1565), for example, a descendant of mixed Malay-Bajau Makassar very reputable name I Mangambari Kare Mangaweang Harbour Master was appointed to the Government Gowa-2. Since that time, said Mukhlis, a hereditary position held by the port master of the Malays, to Syahbandar Incek Husa when the Government was defeated in the war against Gowa VOC in 1669.

Another important department is the court clerk, when the Incek Amin served at the time of Sultan Hasanuddin (1653-1669). The jury wrote in the castle is very famous through his poetry is very beautiful, Shair Mangkasar War, tells the last moment the Government of Gowa in 1669.

According to Mukhlis, the main contribution of the Malay Archipelago in the eastern region are not limited to the areas of trade and the spread of Islam, but also in the field of education and culture. During that period the religious papers and literature translated into Malay of Bugis.

Intellectual tradition is continued until the 19th century. One of them, I rewrite La Galigo-Bugis literature touted as the greatest literary works of the literary treasures of Indonesia, in 1860 by a nobleman named Bugis from Tanate Collipujie Sporting Pancana Toa Tanate Datu.

"But, who actually called the noble character of this Bugis? It is Ratna Kencana. His mother was Siti Jauhar Manikan, daughter of Ali Abdullah Datu Incek Customs, Harbour Master Makassar XIX century, which no other descendants of the Malay-Bugis-Makassar Johor bleeding, "said Mukhlis.

In the process of acculturation and the marriage between the Malays and the Bugis-Makassar, the birth of "new generation" of Bugis-Makassar Malay descent. They are generally known as community groups tubaji (Makassar) or tudeceng (Bugis). In their social structure occupies a respectable position, not even a little into the structure of the aristocracy.

When Fort Somba Opu fall and be subject to the Sultan Hasanuddin content Bongaya agreement, community groups "the Malay-Bugis-Makassar" This is a driver of migration among the aristocracy of Gowa Kingdom. However, regardless of the kind of "reverse flow", the mixed marriage-Bugis-Makassar Malays has produced what he called a new society Mukhlis PaEni archipelago.

"In itself the tubaji / tudeceng blood flowing intellectual Malays, Bugis-Makassar mingled heroism and wisdom of the Bajau. History records the presence of this new society Nusantara Nusantara important role in the history of XVIII-XIX centuries. This role has been continuing until now, "said Mukhlis PaEni.

Diaspora Bugis-Makassar is a necessity, part of the history of this nation find keindonesiaannya. And, indeed, should be recognized, they are products of the birth of the dynamics of pluralistic society the history of the archipelago.