Wednesday, December 8, 2010


Salam, I came across an article that is interesting after following the link provided by Miss MO Kowloon from blog comments. I think this article makes it very attractive when posting here because it is a study that could open the minds of young Malays, especially in Malaysia which still do not know Who is the Malay race and the contribution of people who say this stagnant and lazy person. The following are articles taken from the Malay Porch Blog:

Indeed, the presence of nobility Bugis-Makassar Malay Archipelago is like the phenomenon of reverse flow of history. Long before they enter the heart of the power of the Malays, the Malays, who first role in local dynamics in the state of Bugis-Makassar.

Following the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese (1511), not a few relatives who went to court several points of the compass. Some groups traveled to the South. Kingdom of Gowa in the area they live in Salojo, coastal areas in the village Sanrobone Makassar.

Mukhlis PaEni search results, historian, social anthropologist from the University of Hasanuddin, shows that until 1615 the economic cycle, especially antarpulau trade through the port of Makassar, is controlled by Malays. New in 1621 the Bugis-Makassar took an important part in world trade and shipping in the archipelago.

"Since the arrival of the Malays in the Kingdom of Gowa, their role not only in trade and the spread of religion, but also in socio-cultural, even in the bureaucracy. In the Government's power structure Gowa, many Malays who plays an important role in the palace, "said Mukhlis, who also is Chief Historian Indonesia Society (MSI).

At the time of King Gowa X (1546-1565), for example, a descendant of mixed Malay-Bajau Makassar very reputable name I Mangambari Kare Mangaweang Harbour Master was appointed to the Government Gowa-2. Since that time, said Mukhlis, a hereditary position held by the port master of the Malays, to Syahbandar Incek Husa when the Government was defeated in the war against Gowa VOC in 1669.

Another important department is the court clerk, when the Incek Amin served at the time of Sultan Hasanuddin (1653-1669). The jury wrote in the castle is very famous through his poetry is very beautiful, Shair Mangkasar War, tells the last moment the Government of Gowa in 1669.

According to Mukhlis, the main contribution of the Malay Archipelago in the eastern region are not limited to the areas of trade and the spread of Islam, but also in the field of education and culture. During that period the religious papers and literature translated into Malay of Bugis.

Intellectual tradition is continued until the 19th century. One of them, I rewrite La Galigo-Bugis literature touted as the greatest literary works of the literary treasures of Indonesia, in 1860 by a nobleman named Bugis from Tanate Collipujie Sporting Pancana Toa Tanate Datu.

"But, who actually called the noble character of this Bugis? It is Ratna Kencana. His mother was Siti Jauhar Manikan, daughter of Ali Abdullah Datu Incek Customs, Harbour Master Makassar XIX century, which no other descendants of the Malay-Bugis-Makassar Johor bleeding, "said Mukhlis.

In the process of acculturation and the marriage between the Malays and the Bugis-Makassar, the birth of "new generation" of Bugis-Makassar Malay descent. They are generally known as community groups tubaji (Makassar) or tudeceng (Bugis). In their social structure occupies a respectable position, not even a little into the structure of the aristocracy.

When Fort Somba Opu fall and be subject to the Sultan Hasanuddin content Bongaya agreement, community groups "the Malay-Bugis-Makassar" This is a driver of migration among the aristocracy of Gowa Kingdom. However, regardless of the kind of "reverse flow", the mixed marriage-Bugis-Makassar Malays has produced what he called a new society Mukhlis PaEni archipelago.

"In itself the tubaji / tudeceng blood flowing intellectual Malays, Bugis-Makassar mingled heroism and wisdom of the Bajau. History records the presence of this new society Nusantara Nusantara important role in the history of XVIII-XIX centuries. This role has been continuing until now, "said Mukhlis PaEni.

Diaspora Bugis-Makassar is a necessity, part of the history of this nation find keindonesiaannya. And, indeed, should be recognized, they are products of the birth of the dynamics of pluralistic society the history of the archipelago.

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